First Person: ‘Humanity must get out of the cradle’

Chinese writer Cixin Liu is one of the world’s most highly respected science-fiction authors, known for epics such as “The Three Body Problem,” soon to be adapted as a major TV series. He shared his thoughts on the future of the planet, at an event held at UN Headquarters to mark Chinese Language Day.

“There is no doubting the importance of the current foundations for the sustainability, from environmental protection to the fight against climate change, and green lifestyles. In the foreseeable future, upholding all these principles will be fundamental if humanity is to thrive.

To continue to grow, one must get out of the cradle, and it’s the same with the humanity. To achieve a genuinely sustainable future, we must go beyond the Earth, our cradle. Otherwise, what Arthur C. Clarke wrote in 2001: A Space Odyssey may come true: ‘In the midst of plenty, they were slowly starving to death’.

The modernization of all societies will need far more resources than our planet can provide, and this makes development a threat. But we could find whatever we need to survive and develop on the eight planets and asteroid belt of our Solar System, including water, metal, organics, and fuels for nuclear fusion; If the Earth is able to feed 100 billion people in total, then the resources in the Solar System could support the population of 100,000 Earths.

However, whether we hold on to Earth or dive into the universe, sustainable development needs the non-stop progress of science and technology, but the signs are not that promising.

Science fiction authors thought that 2023 would see magnificent space cities are moving on the geosynchronous orbits, with the Moon a suburb of Earth; cities on Mars, with millions of people living there; massive mining operations in the asteroid belt and even over the ice-covered seas of Jupiter and beyond the orbit of Neptune; and human beings exploring new worlds.

The only area where the reality of 2023 matches the imagination of science fiction is in the development of information technology. In the past 30 years, information technology has leapt forward far faster than other technologies and has penetrated all aspects of human society to revolutionize people's life.

Nevertheless, this conceals the slow progress of other scientific and technological fields, creating an illusion of rapid technological progress in an all-round way. If the technological progress brought by scientific development is regarded as a big tree, then the most accessible fruits on the tree have been picked up today.

To get to a truly sustainable future, we need a greater spirit of pioneering and entrepreneurship. The international community needs a longer-term development plan, as well as full attention to, and investment in, basic research and technological innovation. Many undertakings in this area may only be accomplished with large-scale international cooperations, and the United Nations can undoubtedly play an important role in it.

Yet, the international community still suffers from division and confrontations, even when all mankind is facing common challenges. A conventional disaster occurs locally, and other parts of the world can offer help; but a doomsday crisis puts the entire world on the brink of destruction, and no one will come to rescue us.

But once the entire global society faces the doomsday crisis in science fiction, I think human beings will still come together to respond to the crisis). Collectively, we have the ability to self-regulate, in the way that we interact with nature.”

Source: EMM/ United Nations

Govt. has accorded top priority for neighbouring countries, Minister Saud says

Foreign Affairs Minister Narayan Prakash Saud has said that the country's foreign policy would not be conducted by making only the big talks.

Talking to the party cadres in his hometown Kanchanpur on Saturday, Minister Saud said that there are certain determinants in a nation's foreign policy and they are based on history, society's formation and economic interests.

On the occasion, Minister Saud said that our ancestors have handed over a foundation for our foreign policy. "We are moving ahead based on the foundation handed over by our ancestors," he said, adding that the government has accorded top priority for the Nepal's relations with our neighbouring countries and the western countries as well.

Source: National News Agency Nepal

NC general-secretary Thapa stresses for resolving internal problems of party

Nepali Congress (NC) general-secretary and parliamentarian Gagan Kumar Thapa has pitched for exploring internal problems of the party. He stressed the need to identify the internal problems and place planned efforts to resolve them.

In his address to the annual province gathering of Kathmandu constituency 4(1), he clarified they had not asked party cadres to vote somewhere else than their election symbol.

The general-secretary underlined the urgency of serious discussion if anyone had committed any mistake in this regard.

Also speaking on the occasion, NC Kathmandu constituency 4 President Shyam Krishna Sangat said NC leaders were found presenting factional candidates from own party in the constituencies to oppose party official candidates in the last general election.

Likewise, NC Kathmandu constituency 4 (1) President Bimal Hada said youths were increasingly showing frustration to the politics so the party should design alternative plan to attract them in politics. --

Source: National News Agency Nepal

Education Minister Rai pledges to put honest efforts for educations sector reforms

Minister for Education, Science and Technology Ashok Rai has pledged to put his honest efforts for education sector reforms.

In his address to the seventh national general convention of the Higher Secondary Teachers Union Nepal (HISTUN) on Saturday, Minister Rai said he would focus his efforts for bringing reforms in education sector that produces dignified persons and nation builders.

"Secondary education is a spectacular foundation for individuals to attain knowledge. This sector has possessed various personalities who have long been making big investment in education sector. Teaching and learning cannot be imagined without teachers. The problem of teachers is our problem as well. I will engage my sincere efforts for bringing reforms in educational sector", he added.

Minister Rai urged all not to show more frustration and rebellion notion to the state and understand the state apparatuses insanely.

He further noted they were effortful to honestly discharge their responsibilities advocating the state should be governed with wisdom.

Also speaking on the occasion, chief whip of Nepali Congress parliamentary party Ramesh Lekhak also promised to emphatically exert efforts to endorse the Education Bill in the parliament.

"The Federal Education Act is the need of the state. The Federal Civil Service Act, Health Act and Education Act are associated with the agenda of service delivery", he noted.

He urged the education minster to put for the discussion on education bill and bring it for endorsement. "I would be effortful to endorse the bill once it enters the parliament", Lekhak pledged. ---

Source: National News Agency Nepal

NBA urges for early appointment of CJ

The Nepal Bar Association (NBA) has demanded for the early appointment of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

Issuing a statement today, NBA general-secretary Anjita Khanal called for appointment of Chief Justice at the apex court and justices in all other courts.

"There is a situation of eroding public trust towards overall judiciary in lack of leadership in the courts due to delay in the appointment of CJ at the apex court", reads the statement.

It further noted, "The service recipients are deprived of accessing their constitutionally guaranteed right to receive justice when there is no fulfilment of justices across the country".

The NBA has also called for ending anomalies propping up in judiciary and initiating the automated case management system.

Khanal informed that pressure creating programme would be launched on April 30 to have their demands addressed at the earliest. ---

Source: National News Agency Nepal

Worrying to have waning economy: Chairman Oli

Chairman of the CPN UML, KP Sharma Oli, has said it is worrying to have declining economy. His party was however active to restore economic activities, he asserted.

Addressing a gathering of active cadres at Phidim on Saturday, Chairman Oli reminded that it was not an ordinary problem to have the government unable to provide salary to its employees. So, time has come to restore robust national economy, he added.

According to him, ineffective implementation of law has caused political instability, anarchy and lawlessness. He also viewed social values were eroding.

He urged the party cadres and organizations to be disciplined. Party organization is needed not only to win election, but to run the country. Idle participation in organization is not good, the Chairman reminded.

Moreover, leader Oli said work must not be disrespected. The cadres must be linked to work and production so that the country would be made self-reliant in agricultural products. He also recalled that the government he led had forwarded the national ambition of 'prosperous Nepal: happy Nepali' to end poverty and ensure development infrastructures.

Indicating the protest against naming of Province-1 as Koshi Province, he said the people's mandate could rename the province as we were in a democratic system. Objecting good works does not help identity politics, he reminded.

On the occasion, Vice Chairman of the party Subash Chandra Nembang viewed adoption of democratic measure could easily address the grievances and dissent.

Source: National News Agency Nepal

One held with 1kg gold at HISA

Airport Armed Police Battalion (APBN) detained one person with six gold bars and ornaments weighing one kilogram at Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport (HSIA) here early today.

The detainee was identified as Mohammad Oli Ahad, 46, son of late M Bazlu Mia of Sohagpur area under Ashuganj police station of Brahmanbaria district.

"Acting on tip-off, police detained him from Arrival Car-parking area-2 of the HSIA around 1:10 am," Additional Superintendent of Police Mohammad Zaiul Haque Zia of APBN, a specialised combat unit of the Bangladesh Police told BSS this noon.

The estimated cost of the seized gold is Taka about one crore, he said.

The police officer said the detainee confessed his involvement in gold-trafficking as a member of the smuggling gang.

"Oli brought gold to the country through travelers from different countries . . . he worked to receive these gold from the airport area," he added.

A case was filed in this connection with Bimanbandar Police Station

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha

Train service resumes after Ctg tyre warehouse fire doused

The fire that broke out at a tyre warehouse in city's Dewanhat area on Saturday noon has been doused after around one and a half hours.

The train communication between Chattogram and Dhaka resumed after the fire was brought under control, said Abdul Hamid, deputy assistant director of Agrabad Fire Service and Civil Defense.

Earlier, Chattogram Railway authorities suspended the movement of trains after a fire broke out on a large pile of discarded tyres stored under city's Dewan hat over bridge beside the rail tracks at 1 pm today.

Abdul Hamid said the blaze was doused around 2.30 pm after around one and a half hours of frantic efforts by firefighters from 12 units.

The origin of the fire and the extent of damages could not be ascertained immediately, the fire service officer said.

"The Chattogram-bound Sonar Bangla Express from Dhaka was scheduled to arrive at this time. However, the train was halted at the Chattogram Cabin Junction due to fire, a kilometre away from the railway station.

Besides, the Dhaka-bound Mahanagar Express and Mymensingh-bound Bijoy Express did not leave the station either," said Jafar Alam, station master of the Chattogram Railway.

A large pile of discarded tyres caught fire under the Dewanhat overbridge in Chattogram on Saturday, Apr 29, 2023.

Thick black smoke was visible from far away after the fire started.

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha

DU Fine Arts unit admission test held

The first-year undergraduate admission test of the Faculty of Fine Arts under academic year 2022-2023 was held today (Saturday).

The test was held from 11 am to 12:30 pm at the Arts Building and Social Science Building.

Dhaka University Vice Chancellor Prof Md Akhtaruzzaman visited the 'Fine Arts Unit' admission test center.

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha

Kamal for taking legal action against misuse of modern technology

Home Minister Asaduzzaman Khan Kamal today said that legal action will be taken against misuse of modern technologies.

"Modern technologies cannot be misused in any way. Those, who abuse the technologies, must face the music," he said at a view exchange meeting with local public representatives and local political leaders of Awami League (AL) at Chandina Upazila Poura Modern Community Centre here.

Urging the journalists not to publish any fake, fabricated or false report, the minister said, "You should practice what your consciences allow you to do. Otherwise, your dreams, my dreams, all will sink in the dark."

Speaking about the upcoming parliament election, Kamal said, "We don't believe in any conspiracy or in muscle power and gun barrel. We believe in the power of people. The people are with us".

Whoever says what, it will not work, he said, adding Sheikh Hasina will become the prime minister again with the people's verdict through elections.

Lawmaker Professor Dr Pran Gopal Datta presided over the meeting while AL Cumilla North District unit President Md Ruhul Amin and Chandina Upazila Parishad Chairman freedom fighter Tapan Kumar Baxi spoke, among others.

Cumilla Deputy Commissioner Mohammad Shamim Alam, Superintendent of Police Abdul Mannan, AL Cumilla North District unit General Secretary Roshan Ali Master and former municipality mayor Mafizul Islam were present at the meeting, among others.

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha

SSC, equivalent exams begin tomorrow

The Secondary School Certificate (SSC) and equivalent examinations of 2023 under 11 education boards will begin across the country tomorrow.

All necessary measures have been taken to hold the exams smoothly, said Education Minister Dipu Moni at a programme in Bhola today.

Noting that there is no scope of question paper leakage this year, she said if the matter of spreading rumor in this regard is proved against anyone, stern action will be taken against the person concerned.

A total of 20,72,153 students under the 11 education boards - nine general, one madrasa and one technical - will appear in this year's examinations.

All coaching centres across the country have been declared closed from April 26 to May 23 on the occasion of the exams.

This year, the exams will also be held in all subjects with full 100 marks but on curtailed syllabuses. The decision to shorten the syllabuses was made considering the fact that the candidates of these public exams have attended fewer in-person classes compared to the pre-Covid period.

The examinees have, however, been directed to enter the centres 30 minutes prior to beginning of the examinations. Center secretary will be informed about the question code just 25 minutes before beginning of the examinations

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha

Stranded Bangladeshis to be evacuated from Sudan via Jeddah: Foreign ministry

The Bangladeshi nations those who have been stranded in Sudan will be evacuated through Jeddah in Saudi Arabia, foreign ministry said here today.

The Bangladeshi nationals will be taken to Port Sudan from Khartoum and from there they will be taken to Jeddah, foreign ministry's Spokesperson Seheli Sabrin said here.

From Jeddha, the Bangladeshi would be brought to Bangladesh by several flights of Biman Bangladesh Airlines, she added.

The Bangladesh Embassy in Khartoum has already arranged nine buses to take the Bangladeshi nationals to Port Sudan from Khartoum and adjacent cities and a team from Bangladesh's Consulate General in Jeddah will reach there to assist them.

It is expected that all the Bangladeshis, stranded in Sudan, will be taken to Port Sudan by May 2 while they are likely to reach Jeddah by May 3 or May 4.

Two Bangladeshi schools in Jeddah are providing food, drink, medicine and temporary accommodation for the Bangladeshi nationals being brought from Sudan

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha