‘I’m not scared’: India’s Gandhi vows to fight after parliament expulsion

Top Indian opposition figure Rahul Gandhi has vowed to keep fighting for democracy after blaming his expulsion from parliament on his demands for a probe into a key business ally of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

"I will do whatever I have to do to defend the democratic nature of this country," he told reporters during a press conference on Saturday.

"They are used to everybody being scared of them," he said, in reference to the ruling party.

"I am not scared of them."

Gandhi, 52, was stripped of his parliamentary seat on Friday, a day after he was convicted of defamation in Modi's home state of Gujarat for a 2019 campaign-trail remark seen as an insult to the premier.

The removal from parliament of Modi's chief opponent comes at a time when the prime minister's relationship with Gautam Adani, one of India's most powerful industrialists, has been under scrutiny.

Modi has been a close associate of Adani for decades but the latter's business empire has been subject of renewed attention this year after a US investment firm accused it of "brazen" corporate fraud.

Gandhi's opposition Congress party has for weeks demanded a proper investigation by parliament of the allegations.

"I have been disqualified because the prime minister... is scared of the next speech that is going to come on Adani," Gandhi told reporters.

"I will continue to ask the question — what is the prime minister's relationship with Mr. Adani?"

Congress supporters held small protests in several cities around the country on Saturday to protest against Gandhi's removal as a lawmaker.

Due judicial process

Gandhi is the leading face of Congress, once the dominant force of Indian politics but now a shadow of its former self.

He is the scion of India's most famous political dynasty and the son, grandson and great-grandson of former prime ministers, beginning with independence leader Jawaharlal Nehru.

But he has struggled to challenge the electoral juggernaut of Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its nationalist appeals to the country's Hindu majority.

He was expelled from parliament on Friday following his conviction on Thursday in the defamation case.

Gandhi was sentenced to two years imprisonment but walked free on bail after his lawyers vowed to appeal.

A BJP spokesman said Thursday that the court acted with "due judicial process" in arriving at its judgement.

Gandhi faces several other defamation cases in the country and a money-laundering case that has been snaking its way through India's glacial legal system for more than a decade.

Congress spokesman Abhishek Manu Singhvi told reporters on Friday that the verdict represented the "emasculation of democratic institutions by the ruling party".

Source: TRTworld.com

Gangni upazila Ex AL general secy Golam Mostafa dies

Gangni upazila unit Awami League former general secretary Md Golam Mostafa passed away this evening.

He breathed his last at Kushtia Medical College Hospital at the age of 56.

He left behind a son, a daughter and a host of relatives and well-wishers to mourn his death.

Awami League general secretary and road transport and bridges minister Obaidul Quader expressed deep shock at the death of Mostafa.

In a condolence message, he prayed for eternal peace of the departed soul and conveyed deep sympathy to the bereaved family.


Mominul, Amandeep lead rout of Dhaka Leopards in DPL

Mominul Haque, the former national Test captain, hammered a brilliant 75-run knock as Rupganj Tigers recorded a five-wicket victory over Dhaka Leopards in Dhaka Premier League (DPL) at Khan Shaheb Osman Ali Stadium today.

Opting to bat first, Leopards were held back to 247-8 with Pinak Ghosh making highest 79. Gem was the other notable scorer with 47.

Mukidul Islam, Alauddin Babu and captain Naeem Islam took two wickets apiece for Rupganj.

Mominul paved he platform of the victory with his 75 but Indian recruit Amandepp Khare was also pivotal in clinching the victory, hitting 43 ball-51 not out as Rupganj raced to the victory in 49.2 overs.

This was Rupganj's second victory in fourth match while Leopards now lost three matches while one of their matches were washed out.

In the day's other match at BKSP-4 ground AGrani Bank beat City Club by 18 runs for their second victory in four matches. City however lost their fourth straight matches.

Asked to bat first, Agrani Bank put up a respectable 291-8 with opener Azmir Ahmed hitting team-best 89. His 92-ball-knock was studded with 10 fours and five sixes. Captain Marshall Ayub and Azim Nazir Kazi played a perfect foil to him with the latter making 66 and the captain scoring 62.

City Club captain Robiul Haque scalped 4-63 while Taufike Ahmed bagged 3-57.

Despite losing opener Abdullah Al Mamun cheaply, City Club made them heavily favourite to win their first game in the season but they fell short, being restricted to 273-9.

Taqfiq Khan Tushar smashed five fours and four sixes for his 59 off 56 while Shahriar Komol added 51. Rafsan Al Mahmud made 53 to be the other notable scorer. Sharifullah took 3-35 for Agrani Bank.


Genocide Day observed in Lakshmipur

The Genocide Day was observed in the district today in remembrance of the brutality carried out by Pakistani Army on the unarmed Bangalees on the black night of March 25 in 1971.

The District Administration and other socio-cultural organizations including district unit Awami League (AL) chalked out elaborate programmes to observe the day.

On the occasion of the day, a discussion was held in the conference room of the Deputy Commissioner office this morning at the initiative of the district administration.

Deputy Commissioner (DC) Md Anwar Hossain Akand presided over the function this morning.

Superintendent of Police Md Mahfuzzaman Ashraf, District Council Chief Executive Officer Mohammad Rezai Rafin Sarkar, District Awami League President Golam Farooq Pinku, Deputy Director of District Family Planning Department Dr. Ashfakur Rahman Mamun, heroic freedom fighters Mahbubul Alam and Shamshul Islam and Bangabandhu Parishad district unit convener Shahjahan Kamal, among others, spoke.

Besides, different educational institutions, political parties and socio-cultural organisations also observed the day through various programmes, including discussions.


Genocide Day observed in Jhalakathi

The Genocide Day was observed in the district today in remembrance of the brutality carried out by Pakistani Army on the unarmed Bangalees on the black night of March 25 in 1971.

Marking the day, district administration chalked out elaborate programmes at the directives of the Ministry of Liberation War Affairs.

On the occasion of the day, a discussion was held in the auditorium of the Zilla Shilpakala Academy this morning at the initiative of the district administration.

Deputy Commissioner(DC) Farah Gul Nizhum addressed the function as the chief guest this morning while Superintendent of Police Afruzul Haque Tutul was present as a special guest with Additional District Commissioner (General) Latifa Jannati in the chair.

Deputy Director of Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE) Md Monirul Islam, municipal councilor Habibur Rahman Habil, among others, were present.

On the occasion of the day, various activities of the day started around 10 am today by placing wreaths at the memorial in honour of all the heroic martyrs killed during the war of 1971 in front of Zilla Shilpakala Academy area of the district.

On the occasion of Genocide Day, Jhalakathi District Information Office organized exhibition of documentary films on Genocide at different places of the city.

Besides, different educational institutions, political parties and socio-cultural organisations also observed the day through various programmes, including discussions and paying rich tribute to the martyrs.


AL takes programmes to celebrate Independence and National Day tomorrow

The ruling Awami League (AL) has taken elaborate programmes to celebrate the Independence and National Day tomorrow.

As part of the programme, the national and party flags will be hoisted at Bangabandhu Bhaban along with central and party offices across the country tomorrow morning immediately after sunrise, said a press release.

Rich tributes will be paid at the National Mausoleum in Savar on behalf of AL at 5.54am.

AL leaders and workers will pay homage to Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman by placing wreaths at his portrait in front of Bangabandhu Memorial Museum at Dhanmondi road number-32 at 6.45am maintaining health guidelines.

Doa mahfil (special prayers) will be arranged at the mosques across the country including Baitul Mukarram National Mosque after Zohr prayer.

Christian community members will arrange special prayers at Tejgaon Church at 8am and Mirpur Baptist Church (3/7-a Senpara Parbata, Mirpur-10) at one minute past zero hours, Buddhist community members will hold prayers at International Buddhist Monastery at Merul Badda at 10am and Hindu community members will arrange prayers at Dhakeshwari National Temple at 11am.

A delegation of the party will place wreaths at the mausoleum of Bangabandhu at Tungipara in Gopalganj at 11am while doa and milad mahfil will be arranged there.

The delegation members are - Presidium Member Lt. Colonel (retd) Muhammad Faruque Khan, Central Working Committee Member Abul Hasnat Abdullah, Presidium Member Shajahan Khan, Organizing Secretary SM Kamal Hossain and Deputy Office Secretary Sayem Khan.

Awami League will hold a discussion at Bangabandhu International Conference Centre (BICC) at 11am on March 27.

AL President and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will chair and take part in the discussion.

AL General Secretary and Road Transport and Bridges Minister Obaidul Quader have urged people of all strata including the leaders, activists, supporters and well wishers of AL and its associate bodies to observe the day in a befitting manner by maintaining health guidelines.


Netrokona ready to celebrate Independence Day tomorrow

The authorities concerned have completed all preparations to celebrate the country's Independence and National Day-2023 in a festive mood with huge enthusiasm tomorrow.

District administration, different socio-cultural organizations and political parties, including Awami League, professional groups and educational institutions, chalked out elaborate programs to observe the day.

The day's program will formally start with heralding of 31 gun salutes on

district collectorate office premises at dawn.

As part of the programs, the national flag will be hoisted atop all public and private buildings in the district during sun-rising period.

Floral wreaths will be placed at the memorial monument of martyred freedom fighters on district collectorate office premises and independence memorial monument at Satpai here in the morning.

A colourful combined parade of police, Ansar, BNCC, boy scouts, girl guides and children of different juvenile clubs and educational institutions will be held at the local stadium in the morning.

Deputy Commissioner Anjana Khan Mojlish will take the salute at the


A reception will be accorded to the local freedom fighters and family members of the martyred freedom fighters by the district administration at the local public hall here.

Improved diets will be served to the inmates of hospitals, jails and

orphanage children's family centres in the district.

A special prayer will be held at Netrakona central Jam-e-Mosque after Johr prayers seeking blessings of Almighty Allah for progress and prosperity of the nation.

The special prayers will also be held at other mosques, temples, churces and other places of worships seeking divine blessings for progres and prosperity of the nation.

A discussion meeting on "the historic leadership of father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and country's development" will be held at local public hall here.


Genocide Day observed in Rajshahi

The Genocide Day-2023 was observed today here and different parts of the district as elsewhere in the country in remembrance of the brutal killings carried out by Pakistani occupational forces on the innocent Bengalis on the black night of March 25, 1971.

To mark the day, local district administration chalked out elaborate programmes, including placing of wreaths at Shaheed Minar and other shaheed memorial plaques and discussion meetings.

Bangladesh Shishu Academy and District Shilpakala Academy organized various competitions of essay and painting, patriotic song and recitation on genocide and the great Liberation War followed by cultural functions.

Rajshahi Government Women's College observed the day through placing wreaths at its Shaheed Minar paying rich tribute to the martyrs. Valiant Freedom Fighter Mustafizur Rahman Khan, Principal of the college Prof Zubaida Ayesha Siddiqua and vice Principal Prof Naznin Sultana addressed a meeting on the occasion.

They stressed the need for creating consensus among the people at home and abroad to earn international recognition of the Genocide Day being observed today in the country.

Like the Liberation War, the incident of genocide is marked permanently in the history of Bangladesh and the young generation needs to work for a due recognition of the day, they added.

Bagha Upazila Parishad also arranged a discussion at its conference hall to mark the day. Upazila Chairman Advocate Layeb Uddin and Bagha Pourasava Mayor Akkash Ali spoke on the occasion.

The District Information Office screened documentary films at different points and road crossings. Special prayers were arranged at the city's mosques and different places of worship, seeking divine blessings for peace for the departed souls of the martyrs.

Local units of Bangladesh Awami League and its front organisations, Bangladesh Muktijoddha Sangsad, district and upazila unit commands, Sector Commanders Forum, Rajshahi Press Club, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi University of Science and Technology, Rajshahi Medical University and Rajshahi Medical College observed the day through different programmes.

Besides, different educational institutions, political parties and socio-cultural organisations also observed the day through various programmes, including discussions and paying rich tribute to the martyrs.


PM for nurturing Liberation War spirit in building ‘Golden Bangladesh’

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has called upon all Bangladeshis to nurture the spirit and ideals of the Great Liberation War and participate in building the hunger-poverty-free, self-confident, and self-respecting 'Golden Bangladesh' of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's dream.

She made the call in a message today on the eve of the Great Independence and National Day to be observed tomorrow.

"Today (March 26) is the great Independence and National Day. Bangladesh entered its 52nd year after the golden jubilee of independence. On this auspicious occasion, I extend my sincere greetings and congratulations to all the Bangladeshi citizens living in the country and abroad," the premier said.

"I remember with the most profound respect the greatest Bengali of all time, the great architect of Bangladesh, the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, under whose firm and far-sighted leadership we got an independent country," she added.

She remembered the four national leaders, including the war organizers, who steered the liberation war with their able guidance.

The debt of the blood of 3 million martyrs of the liberation war and the self-sacrifice of two hundred thousand mothers and sisters will never be repaid, she said.

The prime minister paid her deep respects to all the fearless freedom fighters, including the war-wounded.

"I am grateful to all the friendly countries, organizations, institutions, and individuals, particularly the then Prime Minister of India, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, for their generous support during the War," she said.

She said young student leader Sheikh Mujib, who was studying in the Department of Law at Dhaka University, had dreamed of establishing a sovereign state in this land since the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

Pakistanis' social, economic, and political discriminatory attitudes became clear day by day, she said

The premier said Sheikh Mujib remained steadfast in defending the rights and dignity of the Bengalis in return for any sacrifice.

The two organizations of his far-reaching thoughts are the Chhatra League and the Awami League, where he was deeply involved from the beginning until the end of his life, she said.

She said from the language movement of '52 to the victory of the United Front election of '54, the anti-Ayub movement of '62, six points of '66, and the mass upsurge of '69, these two organizations had an immense role in the struggles.

In the face of public outrage, she said, Ayub Khan was forced to repeal the Agartala conspiracy case. Sheikh Mujib became the beacon of hope and aspiration of Bengalis, Bangabandhu.

She said on December 5, 1969, on the death anniversary of Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib declared, "From today, the name of this eastern part of Pakistan will be solely Bangladesh, instead of East Pakistan."

The Awami League, led by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib, won a single majority in the National Assembly in the 70 elections. However, the Pak-military junta started procrastinating without transferring power, the premier said.

She said Sheikh Mujib called for a non-cooperation movement and, in his historic speech on March 7, gave a clear outline of the goal of liberation from the long 23 years of rule and exploitation.

On March 23, the flag emblazoned with the map of Bangladesh was hoisted all over the country, she mentioned.

At midnight on March 25, Pakistani troops started killing unarmed Bengalis in the name of 'Operation Search Light'.

"Pak junta arrested Sheikh Mujib at an early hour on March 26. He made the official declaration of independence before he was arrested. The Bengali leader of the people was imprisoned in the Mianwali jail in Pakistan and subjected to inhumane torture," she said.

At the call of the Father of the Nation, the freedom-loving people of Bengal, inspired by the slogan 'Joy Bangla' started fighting, taking up arms for the liberation of the motherland, she said.

She said on April 17, the Mujibnagar government swore in designating Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as President, Syed Nazrul Islam as Vice President, Tajuddin Ahmad as Prime Minister, Captain M Mansur Ali, and AHM Kamaruzzaman as Minister.

After a long nine-month armed struggle, independent sovereign Bangladesh was liberated on December 16 with the help of the allied forces, she said.

She said the Father of the Bengali Nation, President Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, was released from Pakistan, returned to his beloved independent motherland on January 10, 1972, and devoted himself to rebuilding the war-torn country.

"With the help of allies, though there was an empty treasury, he rehabilitated the displaced people, restored and developed the infrastructure, and put the production sector and the economy on a solid foundation," she said.

Sheikh Hasina said Bangabandhu approved a constitution within nine months of independence and he made the country the Least Developed Country (LDC) in just three and a half years; the UN endorsed that.

Bangladesh gained recognition from 123 countries and membership in 27 international organizations through his diplomatic efforts, she said.

"But our misfortune is that the defeated anti-independence clique of '71 continues to conspire against him," she said.

She said incumbent President Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was martyred along with his family members on August 15, 1975, by the brutal bullet of the assassin.

The murderous Mostaq-Zia and their successors illegally seized power and established a dictatorship in the country, she said.

Sheikh Hasina said the BNP tarnished the proud history of the Bengali nation by placing the perpetrators of the infernal massacre on March 25, criminals against humanity, war criminals, and killers of the Father of the Nation, in the government.

Bangladesh Awami League, after a long 21 years, in 1996, won the people's mandate and got the responsibility of running the government, she said.

"We took on the mission of transforming the lives of poor and marginalized people by introducing social security programs, making the country self-sufficient in food production; setting up community clinics to provide primary health care to marginalized people, and building houses for homeless people by taking shelter projects," she said.

Sheikh Hasina said: "We strengthened the local government system; and made mobile phones and computer technology readily available. Our government signed a 30-year Ganges water-sharing agreement with India in 1996."

"To establish peace in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, we signed the historic peace agreement in 1997 and repatriated the Chakma refugees who had taken refuge in India to Bangladesh. On March 8, 1997, we announced the women's development policy," she said.

Awami League provided approval for launching privately-owned terrestrial and satellite television channels, she said.

"We started the trial for killing the Father of the Nation by repealing the Indemnity Ordinance, established the independence of the judiciary, the rule of law, and human rights, and re-established the liberation war values in society and national life by preventing distortion of history," she said.

"Our government's 1996-2001 term was a journey towards a brighter future, breaking the shackle of backwardness, underdevelopment, and poverty," she said.

She said Bangladesh Awami League has been running the government since 2009 with the people's unwavering support in all the national elections.

"We transformed Bangladesh into a developing country by implementing Vision 2021, created a digital Bangladesh, and brought 100 percent of people under electricity coverage," she said.

Sheikh Hasina said her government opened the door to the blue economy by establishing sovereignty over the vast sea area, implemented the land boundary agreement with India and ended the enclaves' long-standing misery.

"We have constructed the Padma Bridge with our own funds and inaugurated Metrorail Besides, mega-projects like Matarbari Power Project, Rooppur Nuclear Power Station, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Tunnel under Karnaphuli, Sonadia Deep Sea Port, Elevated Expressway, and so on are also progressing faster," she said.

"We launched the Bangabandhu-1 satellite into space; and inaugurated 100 bridges and 100 roads and highways in a single day. Currently, our per capita income has risen to US$ 2,824. We formulated the Second Perspective Plan, Vision-2041, for the next 20 years and have started implementing it. Bangladesh in 2041 will be a 'Smart Bangladesh.' We are implementing the 'Bangladesh Delta Plan-2100' for our future generation," she added.

"We established the rule of law in the country by enforcing the verdict on trial against the killers of the lather of die Nation and the war criminals against humanity," she said.

The premiers said: "We published four volumes of the 'Records of Proceedings, Agartala Conspiracy Case' filed by Pakistani rulers against Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib, 11 volumes out of 14 of the 'Secret Documents of Intelligence Branch on Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (1948-1971)', including The Unfinished Memories, The Prison Diaries, and New China 1952."

"I believe that by reading these books, the new generation will clearly understand the firm footprints of the Father of the Nation in the history of independence," she said.

She said Awami League government believes in the philosophy of upgrading the fate of the people.

"We are running our government through immediate, short, medium, and long-term plans to make life easier for ordinary people and develop the country. Moreover, we regularly monitor the implementation progress of our election manifesto. Due to these reasons, people's trust and strong support for Awami League continues," added the premier.


BCL for state apology from Pakistan for March 25 genocide

Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) today staged demonstration on Dhaka University campus with a four-point demand including state apology from Pakistan for the massacre of Bangalees on March 25 in 1971.

From a human chain at the base of university's Raju Memorial Sculpture, BCL leaders placed a four-point demand which include international recognition of March 25 genocide, introducing 'Genocide Denial Act', state apology from Pakistan for March 25 massacre and ban on war criminal and fundamentalist organisation Jamaat-Shibir.

Addressing the human chain, BCL President Saddam Hussain said Pakistan should apologize to international community, Bangladesh government and the people of Bangladesh for the massacre of March 25, 1971.

"We think that the issue of genocide should be recognized as a separate article in the Bangladesh constitution," Saddam said.

"December 9 has been recognized as International Genocide Day. Recognizing March 25 as International Genocide Day will make the issue more sensitive and important to more people," he added.

Saddam said, "We firmly believe that we have established February 21 as International Mother Language Day. Mongol Shobhajatra has been recognized internationally. In the same way, we will bring out international recognition for 25 as International Genocide Day," he said.

BCL President also said those who are involved in war crimes, according to international law, have no right to do politics. "Just as Germany's Gestapo forces are not allowed to do politics, it is time to legally ban Jamaat-shibir," he added.

Conducted by BCL General Secretary Sheikh Wali Asif Enan, the human chain was also addressed by BCL DU unit President Mazharul Kabir Shayon and General Secretary Tanbir Hasan Shaikat.


Genocide Day observed in Rangamati

The National Genocide Day was observed in the district today in remembrance of the brutality carried out by Pakistani Army on the unarmed Bangalees on the black night of March 25 in 1971.

Marking the day, the district administration had chalked out elaborate programmes at the directives of the Ministry of Liberation War Affairs.

On the occasion, a discussion was held in the conference room of the Deputy Commissioner (DC) office this morning at the initiative of the Rangamati district administration.

Deputy Commissioner Mohammad Mizanur Rahman presided over the function.

Superintendent of Police Mir Abu Tauhid, Rangamati Additional Deputy Commissioner (General) Md Saiful Islam, Additional Deputy Commissioner (ICT) Nasreen Sultana, Divisional Forest Officer of Chattogram Hill Tracts South Forest Division Saleh Md Shoaib Khan and Rangamati District Awami League Vice-President Md. Ruhul Amin, among others, spoke.

Apart from this, various programs were observed in 10 upazilas of the district on the occasion of the Genocide Day.


It’s int’l community’s obligation to show respect to Bangladesh genocide: Alam

State Minister for Foreign Affairs Md Shahriar Alam today said international community and other countries in the world are obliged to recognise Pakistan atrocities in Bangladesh in 1971 genocide as per their commitment to human rights.

"It is the moral obligation on the states and international community to show due respects to the victims of Bangladesh genocide and thus demonstrate their commitment towards the promotion and protection of human rights," he said while speaking at a programme marking the Bangladesh Genocide Day at the Liberation War Museum here.

Alam also called upon genocide scholars, researchers, civil society organisations, human rights activists, print and electronic media to present before the global community the facts and figure of Bangladesh genocide.

The state minister said Sheikh Hasina's government is firmly committed to continue its efforts towards recognition by global community of the historical facts of Bangladesh genocide and the importance of preventing such acts of genocide from occurring in future anywhere in the world.

"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Bangladesh Missions abroad have been actively working to internationalize the issue of the genocide committed during the Bangladesh Liberation War," he said.

Alam said the ministry has been engaging with foreign governments and international organizations, organizing events and conferences, encouraging research and scholarly writings on Bangladesh genocide and working towards seeking justice for the victims and their families.

As a result, he said the Lemkin Institute for Genocide Prevention recognized the Bangladesh genocide 1971 on December 31, 2022.

"We also welcome recent bipartisan move in the US Congress for recognition of genocide committed by the Pakistani army in Bangladesh," Alam said.

The state minister said Dhaka would continue to welcome any such initiatives by friendly countries while highlighting correct perspective of the Bangladesh Genocide.

He said Media can also play a key role in mobilizing public opinion and shaping international responses to the genocide.

"The reporting of the international media has provided us a strong record of genocide, which has been important and will remain useful to hold the perpetrators accountable and get the recognition of Bangladesh genocide by the wider global community," he observed.

Noting that the 'Genocide Day' on 25th March is now being observed in all Bangladesh diplomatic missions abroad, he said this has become a formal occasion to pay tribute to the victims and their family members and create awareness about the Bangladesh genocide among the wider international community.

Liberation War Affairs Minister AKM Mozammel Haque spoke as the chief guest while President of Asia Justice and Rights Barrister Patrick Burgess presented the keynote speech.

Foreign Secretary Masud Bin Momen, among others, spoke at the discussion.