BEIJING, Chinese President Xi Jinping sought
Friday to ease growing concerns about his ambitious Belt and Road Initiative,
vowing to prevent debt risks and saying his global infrastructure project is
not an exclusive club.
Xi made his remarks at a summit on his signature foreign policy, which aims
to reinvent the ancient Silk Road to connect Asia to Europe and Africa
through massive investments in maritime, road and rail projects.
The initiative offers to bring muchneeded modern infrastructure to
developing countries, but critics say it mainly favours Chinese companies
while saddling nations with debt and causing environmental damage.
China has rejected accusations that Belt and Road is a debt trap and a
geopolitical tool for Beijing's ambitions of becoming a global superpower.
The Belt and Road is not an exclusive club, Xi said at the gathering of
37 world leaders.
In a nod to the concerns over loans, Xi said we also need to ensure the
commercial and fiscal sustainability of all projects so that they will
achieve the intended goals as planned.
Finance Minister Liu Kun said Thursday that China would present the forum a
debt sustainability framework to prevent debt risks � a move welcomed by
International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde.
The opacity of deals between Chinese companies and local governments has
also raised alarm.
Everything should be done in a transparent way and we should have zero
tolerance for corruption, Xi said.
China will also promote green development, he said, amid warnings that
some of the massive projects are causing environmental damage in Asia.
Leaders from 37 countries have come to Beijing for the threeday forum,
with officials from scores of other nations in attendance.
Russian President Vladimir Putin, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan and
Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, whose country became the first G7
member to sign up to Belt and Road, are among the headliners.
But EU powers Germany and France are sending ministers instead.
The United States, which sent a senior White House official to the first
BRI summit in 2017, has not dispatched any officials from Washington.
Amid tensions over trade and other diplomatic spats, Washington has
dismissed BRI as a vanity project and rebuked Rome for signing up to the
Since Xi launched Belt and Road in 2013, China has invested $90 billion in
projects while banks have provided upwards of $300 billion in loans,
according to Chinese officials.
But examples of debt trouble abound.
Sri Lanka turned over a deepsea port to China for 99 years after it was
unable to repay loans. Pakistan needs an international bailout.
And Montenegro has had to make difficult choices after taking on crushing
Chinese debt to pay a Chinese company to build a new highway.
Pushing back has proved a successful election issue in Asia, including in
Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Malaysia, as the trademark infrastructure push is
used to whip up fears about eroding sovereignty.
The new Malaysian prime minister cancelled some planned works and
renegotiated a rail project cutting 30 percent off the price tag.
Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS)