Declaration of Independence – Will, aspirations of Vietnamese people

On 2nd September 1945, at Hanoi’s Ba Dinh Square, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence proclaiming the birth of the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam (now the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam). The Declaration, which demonstrates the strong will and aspirations of Vietnamese people, still remains deeply topical both at home and abroad after 76 years.

The Declaration fully and deeply reflects President Ho Chi Minh’s philosophical, political and even human points of view, as well as contains the values of human civilisation. In this document, the late President affirmed that national rights and human rights have a dialectical relation.

The Declaration was not only a declaration of independence of the Vietnamese people but also a declaration of human rights and the rights of colonial nations. President Ho Chi Minh’s elevation of human rights to national rights was his contribution to the treasure of human rights ideology.

Under the leadership of the Communist Party of Viet Nam, the Vietnamese people rose up to repel the colonialists, feudalists and imperialists, regaining independence, freedom and human rights. Human rights in Viet Nam are not the value given by anyone but the result of the long struggle of the Vietnamese people.

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The Declaration of Independence is a solid legal basis that strongly affirms the national sovereignty of the Vietnamese people to the whole world; laying the foundation for the establishment of a rule-of-law state with the goal of independence, freedom and happiness; and illuminating Viet Nam’s revolutionary path in the cause of building a socialist rule-of-law state of the people, by the people and for the people, for the sake of wealthy people, strong country, democracy, justice and civilisation.

76 years have passed, President Ho Chi Minh’s views and thoughts on human rights, national rights, aspirations and resilience to maintain independence and freedom shown in the Declaration still remain topical and significant to the nation building and safeguarding cause at present.

Since then, the Vietnamese people have constantly strived for human rights and achieved many positive and important results. Human rights, civil rights in political, civil, economic, cultural and social fields are recognised, respected, protected and guaranteed in accordance with the Constitution and laws. With its achievements in ensuring human rights, Viet Nam was elected as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council in the 2014-2016 term.

After nearly 35 years of Doi moi (Renewal), from a poor, least developed country, Viet Nam has become a middle-income developing country. Its human development index (HDI) has gradually improved, currently in the upper middle group, ranking 118th out of 189 countries.

Years will pass, but the spirit of the Declaration of Independence that gave birth to the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam will always live on in the hearts of generations of Vietnamese people.

Source: United News of Bangladesh

Sri Lanka’s ousted president expected to return home

Ousted Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa is expected to return home more than seven weeks after he fled the country amid mass protests that demanded his resignation, holding him and his family responsible for the country’s economic crisis.

Rajapaksa currently does not face any current arrest warrants. A corruption case against him in his former role as secretary to the Defense Ministry was withdrawn when he was elected president in 2019 because of constitutional immunity. Some other investigations were also suspended.

Officials familiar with arrangements for his arrival said Rajapaksa was expected to return from Thailand later Friday, while local media reported it would be Saturday. It was not possible to independently verify the timing. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the matter.

Read: IMF agrees to provide crisis-hit Sri Lanka $2.9 billion

Rajapaksa fled from the president’s official residence on July 9 when tens of thousands of people stormed the building and occupied it, along with several other key state buildings.

On July 13, he fled to the Maldives on a military jet and a day later flew to Singapore, from where he announced his resignation. Two weeks later he arrived in Thailand on a diplomatic visa following a Sri Lankan government request.

Rajapaksa was elected president in 2019 by an overwhelming majority on a promise to uplift the country’s economy and strengthen national security, after Islamic State-inspired bomb attacks on churches and hotels killed 270 people on Easter Sunday that year.

However, policy blunders including drastic tax cuts which reduced national income and pushed down credit ratings, a ban on agrochemicals ostensibly to promote organic farming, and the release of scarce foreign currency to artificially control exchange rates led to the worst economic crisis in the country’s history.

Sri Lanka has suspended repayment of its foreign debts, which total more than $51 billion, of which $28 billion must be repaid by 2027.

Read: Sri Lanka hopes to reach initial agreement with IMF for help

The International Monetary Fund announced Thursday a preliminary agreement to extend $2.9 billion to Sri Lanka over four years, provided there are assurances from the country’s creditors on loan restructuring.

Months of street protest have dismantled the one-powerful Rajapaksa political family.

Before Rajapaksa resigned, his older brother stepped down as prime minister and three more close family members quit their Cabinet positions.

President Ranil Wickremesinghe, who succeeded Rajapaksa, has cracked down on protests, helping the Rajapaksa family and its supporters who were in hiding to return to public politics.

Nuzly Hameem, who helped lead the protest movement, said the former president’s return shouldn’t be an issue “as long as he is held accountable.”

“He is a Sri Lankan citizen so no one can prevent him from coming back. But as someone who wants justice for the corrupt system, I would like to see action taken — there should be justice, they should file cases against him and hold him accountable for what he did to the country.”

“We didn’t expect him to flee, we wanted him to resign. As long as he doesn’t involve himself in active politics, it won’t be a problem,” Hameem said.

Source: United News of Bangladesh

Shinzo Abe was a true friend of Bangladesh: Momen

Shinzo Abe, the former prime minister of Japan, was a true friend of Bangladesh, Foreign Minister AK Abdul Momen said Thursday.

Abe will forever be remembered for his contribution to regional and global peace, he added.

Momen was speaking at a condolence programme organised by the Embassy of Japan in Bangladesh and Dhaka University (DU).

The Department of Japanese Studies of DU and the Japanese Embassy in Dhaka in association with the Japan-Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Japanese Universities Alumni Association of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Ikebana Association and Kazuko Bhuiyan Welfare Trust arranged the condolence programme “Tribute to Abe Shinzo” in Dhaka.

Professor Md Akhtaruzzaman, vice-chancellor of DU, and Japanese Ambassador to Bangladeshi Ito Naoki also joined the event to pay tribute to Abe, Japan’s best-known politician and longest-serving prime minister, who was gunned down while speaking at a political campaign event in the city of Nara.

They conveyed their condolences to Abe and his family.

Also read: Japan police chief to resign over Abe shooting death

Source: United News of Bangladesh

US Embassy hosts Youth Excellence on Stage Academy in Dhaka

To Celebrate 50 years of people-to-people ties between Bangladesh and the US, cultural diplomacy organisation American Voices and the US Embassy in Dhaka hosted a musical showcase at Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy (BSA) Thursday.

The event was organised to conclude a hip-hop workshop series led by award-winning American artists for Bangladeshi rappers, dancers, and producers.

From August 25 to September 1, the US Embassy hosted a delegation of four popular American hip-hop artists to lead a series of training for 54 rising Bangladeshi hip-hop stars.

The YES Academy workshops featured a “Dangerflow” band member and MC Angel “Ocean” Alvarado, award-winning hip-hop DJ Carl “DJ Invisible” Hollier, international b-boy champion Alex “BBoy El Nino” Diaz, and two-time finalist of NBC’s “The SingOff,” Richie “Robot” Steighner.

The Edward M Kennedy Center for Public Service and the Arts was the hosting venue of this eight-day intensive workshop, which concluded with a musical showcase, featuring enthralling performances of 54 talented Bangladeshi artists and four American instructors.

“The overall workshop has been a great experience for us. And as a new generation artist, I hope this type of event will foster the popularity of rap and hip-hop in Bangladesh,” popular rapper Critical Mahmood told UNB.

“The YES Academy is a testament to the US government’s commitment to promoting mutual understanding, creativity, and collaboration between cultural ambassadors in Bangladesh and the US,” US Ambassador to Bangladesh Peter Haas said.

Launched in 2007, the YES Academy serves as American Voices’ flagship cultural diplomacy programme aimed at providing high-quality training in some of America’s greatest cultural artistic genres, such as hip-hop and breakdance, for youth around the world.

Source: United News of Bangladesh

Argentine president says man tried to shoot vice president

A man was detained Thursday night after he aimed a handgun at point-blank range toward Argentine Vice President Cristina Fernández in what President Alberto Fernández called a homicide attempt.

“A man pointed a firearm at her head and pulled the trigger,” the president said in a national broadcast. He said the gun didn’t fire.

The president shortly after video from the scene broadcast on local television channels showed Fernández exiting her vehicle surrounded by supporters outside her home when a man could be seen extending his hand with what looked like a pistol. The vice president ducked.

The man, who had not been identified, was detained seconds into the incident.

Also read: Japan police chief to resign over Abe shooting death

Supporters surrounding the person appear shocked at what is happening amid the commotion in the Recoleta neighborhood of Argentina’s capital.

“A person who was identified by those who were close to him who had a gun was detained by (the vice president’s) security personnel,” Security Minister Aníbal Fernández told local cable news channel C5N.

The minister said he wanted to be careful in providing details until the investigation learned more.

Unverified video posted on social media shows the pistol almost touched Fernández’s face.

Government officials were quick to describe the incident as an assassination attempt.

Also read: 8 Israelis wounded in Jerusalem shooting

“When hate and violence are imposed over the debate of ideas, societies are destroyed and generate situations like the one seen today: an assassination attempt,” Economy Minister Sergio Massa said.

Ministers in President Alberto Fernández’s government issued a news release saying they “energetically condemn the attempted homicide” of the vice president. “What happened tonight is of extreme gravity and threatens democracy, institutions and the rule of law,” reads the release.

Former President Mauricio Macri also repudiated the attack. “This very serious event demands an immediate and profound clarification by the judiciary and security forces,” Macri wrote on Twitter.

Supporters of the vice president have been gathering in the streets surrounding her home since last week, when a prosecutor called for a 12-year sentence for Fernández in a case involving alleged corruption in public works.

Tensions have been running high in the upper class Recoleta neighborhood since the weekend, when the vice president’s supporters clashed with police in the streets surrounding her apartment amid an effort by law enforcement officers to clear the area.

Fernández, who is not related to the current president, served as president herself in 2007-2015.

Source: United News of Bangladesh

UPDF leader shot dead in Khagrachhari

A leader of a Chittagong Hill Tracts-based political group was shot dead allegedly by his rivals in Guimara upazila of Khagrachhari on Friday.

The deceased was identified as Angthoi Marma alias Agun, 52, of the Guimara unit of United People’s Democratic Front (UPDF).

The crime occurred around 10am near the Dewan Para area of the upazila, said Md Rashid Ahmed, officer-in-charge of Guimara police station.

Also read: Youth killed in gunfight between 2 UPDF factions in Khagrachhari

According to locals, Marma was gunned down by a group of armed men while he was on his way to carry out the group’s work.

The body has been sent for an autopsy and the matter is under investigation, said OC Rashid.

Also read: UPDF man shot dead in JSS-UPDF ‘gunfight’ in Rangamati

Source: United News of Bangladesh

India commissions its first home-made aircraft carrier

India on Friday scripted history by becoming the first country in South Asia to induct into its Navy a domestically built aircraft carrier.

The 45,000-tonne Indian Naval Ship (INS) Vikrant, capable of accommodating 30 military aircraft, was commissioned by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at a grand ceremony in the southern port city of Kochi.

With the formal commissioning, India has joined an elite group of nations — the US, the UK, Russia, China and France — that can design and build such large aircraft carriers.

Also read: Hasina’s India visit to open new windows of cooperation: MoFA

“INS Vikrant is the reflection of our Aatmanirbhar Bharat (self-reliant) mission,” Modi said at the event.

“Today, India has entered the list of countries that can build such large warships indigenously. Vikrant has infused new confidence,” he added.

INS Vikrant has been christened after her illustrious predecessor, India’s first Aircraft Carrier that played a stellar role in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War.

The warship has been built at a cost of 2.5 billion US dollars over the past 13 years.

Also read: Coast Guard detains 31 Indian fishermen

Modi also unveiled the new naval ensign that has India’s national flag on the upper canton. “In adopting the new naval ensign, India has removed a burden of slavery off its chest,” he said.

The Indian Navy’s maritime fleet now has two aircraft carriers, 10 destroyers, 12 frigates and 20 corvettes.

Source: United News of Bangladesh

People will resist if BNP creates street violence: Obaidul Quader

Awami League General Secretary Obaidul Quader on Friday warned that if violence is committed in the name of the movement, it will be resisted by the people.

He was speaking at the three-day international conference on ‘Green Bangladesh: Prosperous Bangladesh’ organized by Awami League’s sub-committee on forest and environment at Dhaka University’s Senate Bhavan.

Quader,also the road transport and bridges minister, said that Awami League will never attack anyone. But if it comes under attack it will counter attack.

Opposition BNP, he said, is trying all possible ways to make the next election questionable as it knows very well that Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina can’t be defeated in ballots.

Quader said police can’t be blamed if they nab those accused in cases of terrorism.

He said, if BNP activists are criminals, why is there so much objection if they are brought under the law?

Read: Police too have the right to protection when under attack, Hasina tells Parliament

Chairman of Forest and Environment Affairs Subcommittee Professor Khandkar Bajlul Rahman spoke at the conference while Environment, Forests and Climate Change Minister Shahab Uddin presided over the session.

State Minister for Foreign Affairs Shahriar Alam, Deputy Education Minister Mahibul Hasan Chowdhury Naufel and Member Secretary of Forest and Environment Sub-committee Delwar Hossain also spoke at the event.

Source: United News of Bangladesh

“Coordinated approach needed among UN Police, agencies and national authorities”

Bangladesh has urged the United Nations (UN) to address the root causes and drivers of fragility in the conflict affected countries and extend support to the national actors in developing their capacities to deliver basic services, create economic opportunities and implement necessary governance reforms.

“A coherent and coordinated approach is needed between all actors including UN Police, UN country team, agencies and relevant national authorities,” said Home Minister Asaduzzaman Khan.

He was speaking at the high-level meeting on “Fostering sustainable peace and development through United Nations policing” held during the third UN Chiefs of Police Summit (UNCOPS 2022) at the United Nations General Assembly in New York yesterday (September 1, 2022).

Read:UN lauds Bangladesh’s good practices in countering terrorism, preventing violent extremism

“As a proud member of the UN Police since 1989, we reiterate our commitment to contribute to any UNPOL initiative for the promotion of sustainable peace and development” he said.

Mentioning that security and development are interdependent and mutually reinforcing, he said UN peace operations should strive for a balanced and coherent approach for maintaining peace and security in order to facilitate development activities.

The Home Minister emphasized on the role of UN policing in the security sector reform and strengthening rule of law as per mandate.

He underscored the importance of Specialized Police Teams (SPTs).

The minister appreciated the efforts to increase the number of women in police deployments and senior positions in UN peacekeeping.

He also expressed Bangladesh’s readiness to contribute competent female police officers and well-equipped police units for furthering this goal.

“Coordinated approach needed among UN Police, agencies and national authorities”

The Home Minister emphasized on transitioning to renewable energy sources and natural fiber-based products to reduce environmental hazards.

“This will also leave a positive legacy for sustainable development in host countries,” he added.

Bangladesh along with Italy leads a group that advocates for reducing environmental footprint in the field through implementation of UN’s Environmental Strategy.

Read: Home Minister, IGP in NY to join UNCOPS

The home minister was accompanied by the Permanent Representative of Bangladesh to the United Nations, Ambassador Muhammad Abdul Muhith and the Inspector General of Bangladesh Police Dr. Benazir Ahmed, said the Bangladesh Mission in the UN.

Later, the home minister held a bilateral meeting with the Deputy Executive Director of UN Women Anita Bhatia at the Permanent Mission premises.

During the meeting the DED commended Bangladesh for its leadership in women’s issues, including in Women Peace and Security agenda and in introducing gender responsive budgeting.

They discussed possible cooperation in addressing violence against women including cyber violence through capacity building and awareness raising programmes and increasing participation of women in UN peacekeeping operations.

Source: United News of Bangladesh

PM mourns passing away of Sonia Gandhi’s mother Paola Maino

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Thursday expressed shock and deep grief at the death of Paola Maino, mother of Indian National Congress President Sonia Gandhi.

She also prayed for the eternal peace of the departed soul and extended her heartfelt sympathy to Sonia Gandhi and her family.

“I can relate that the passing away of parents leaves a permanent vacuum in our hearts which can never be filled by anyone else. Despite these tragedies on our paths, our lives must continue,” Sheikh Hasina said in a signed letter sent to Sonia Gandhi.

“It is my firm belief that the values, affection, love, and legacy taught and left behind by Madam Maino will be a source of inspiration and strength for you and your family members and will take you all forward in the coming days.”

Also read: PM mourns death of freedom fighter Shawkat Ali

Source: United News of Bangladesh

PM Hasina’s India visit to take Dhaka-Delhi ties to new levels: Doriaswami

High Commissioner of India to Bangladesh Vikram Kumar Doriaswami has expressed optimism that Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s India visit will take “historical and strategic relations” between two countries to new levels.

The High Commissioner outlined the context of the current state of the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and India and the prospects, opportunities and the challenges for the future.

He stressed that the successful outcome of the recently held ministerial level meeting of the Joint River Commission(JRC) would provide added substance to the upcoming visit of Prime Ministe Hasina to India.

Read: Hasina’s India visit to open new windows of cooperation: MoFA

PM Hasina’s India visit to take Dhaka-Delhi ties to new levels: Doriaswami

The High Commissioner also said that discussions on sharing the waters of some other important cross boundary rivers are going on between the two governments at the technical levels.

Doriaswami exchanged views with the members of Association of Former Association (AOFA) at an interactive session on Thursday, said a media release.

The event was held at the Foreign Service Academy.

In response from questions and comments from some of the AOFA members present, High Commissioner Doriaswami said that connectivity trade and travel between the two countries, especially between Bangladesh and the states in north east India, has increased in very large measure but there is need and prospects for further expansion of these ties.

AOFA members stressed on the importance of maintaining the elements of mutual benefit, mutual respect and mutual accommodation to give these ties greater strength.

Shamsher Mubin Chowdhury, President of AOFA, presided over the session, which was followed by lunch.

Source: United News of Bangladesh

Make PM stronger to materialize Bangabandhu’s dream: FM

Foreign Minister AK Abdul Momen has urged all to strengthen Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s hands to materialize the dream of Bangabandhu to build Sonar Bangla.

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had done everything for the nation that he had to do as a Father of the Nation, said Momen.

He said this at the inauguration ceremony of the extension of Syed Mujtaba Ali Hall of Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST) in Sylhet on Friday morning.

Bangabandhu was able to get recognition for Bangladesh as an independent nation from 126 countries only in three and half years, he said.

During Bangabandhu’s time, Momen said, Bangladesh was able to become a member of most of the major organisations of the world, including the United Nations.

He presented the country a strong constitution in just nine months after the independence, he added.

“All these were possible because of the dynamic and visionary leadership of Bangabandhu,” he noted.

Read: Shinzo Abe was a true friend of Bangladesh: Momen

Make PM stronger to materialize Bangabandhu’s dream: FM

Not only that – he showed the nation a dream – the dream of Golden Bengal, dream of building a developed, prosperous, non-communal country, he added.

“Now it is the responsibility of all of us to realize that dream,” urged Momen.

Bangladesh will become a ‘Sonar Bangla’, a prosperous country by 2041.

Following Bangabandhu’s dream, PM Hasina gave a roadmap to build the country as Sonar Bangla, said the FM.

“We hope Bangladesh will become a ‘Sonar Bangla’, prosperous country by 2041. And I call upon everyone to strengthen Sheikh Hasina’s hands to do this.”

Regarding the development work of SUST authority, Momen said the infrastructure alone cannot meet the purpose of the university, professional skills among the students are also needed to be developed.

Read: Govt has warned Myanmar: Momen

The infrastructure needs of this university will be met to a large extent if the ongoing 17 development projects are properly implemented.

The minister also urged the students to focus on buying and reading books, including Syed Mujtaba Ali’s writings. He thanked the university authorities for naming the newly constructed residential hall after Syed Mujtaba Ali, the pride of Sylhet.

Source: United News of Bangladesh