Nations still worlds apart at crunch UN climate summit

KATOWICE, Poland, Marathon talks aimed at charting mankind's path away from climate catastrophe entered overtime Saturday as nations picked over a plan presented by host Poland that exposed several sources of disagreement.

Negotiators told AFP that the nearly 200 states involved were still far

apart on several crunch issues � from how nations report reductions in

greenhouse gas emissions, to the levels of help given to countries already

hurting from climate change.

Ministers at the COP24 talks must agree on a common rule book to make good

on promises they made in the landmark 2015 Paris accord, which vowed to limit

global temperature rises to well below two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees

Fahrenheit).

But with the starkest warnings yet from scientists highlighting the need to

slash fossil fuel emissions within the coming decades in order to meet the

safer cap of 1.5C warming, delegates were urged to act now or condemn atrisk

nations to disaster.

The summit was meant to wrap up at midnight Saturday but overran into the

small hours as areas of dispute emerged, often with different alignments of

developed and developing nations straddling each divide.

UN SecretaryGeneral Antonio Guterres made his third trip in two weeks to

the COP24 in the Polish mining city of Katowice in a bid to push a deal over

the line.

'Cruel joke'

The draft text included no resolution on how the climate fight will be

financed, and developed nations � responsible for the lion's share of

historic greenhouse gas emissions � were accused of seeking to shirk funding

promises made in Paris.

One veteran observer told AFP that the US, despite President Donald Trump's

intention to withdraw from Paris, was seeking to water down

differentiation, a bedrock principle of the underlying UN climate

Convention.

Washington wants countries to contribute to the climate fight based on

their current emissions levels, rather than their historic pollution, meaning

the US would be less bound to help developing nations green their economies.

Mohamed Adow, Christian Aid's International climate lead, said the US

delegation was like a bad smell at the summit.

It's notable that the US is still working to water down negotiations for

an agreement that they have said they are going to withdraw from.

Loss and damage

The draft text gave short shrift to another redline issue for poor

countries exposed to the ravages brought on by global warming: socalled

loss and damage

This provision is designed to help nations cope with deadly heatwaves,

drought and floods � amplified by climate change � happening today.

Another hotbutton issue centres on how to avoid the doublecounting of

reductions in carbon pollution.

That can occur when one country takes actions to curb emissions �

reforestation, for example � in another country and then both nations claim

the credit as part of their pledges under the Paris Agreement.

If you have buyers and sellers in a carbon trading scheme, you want to be

sure that those emissions reductions don't get counted twice, said David

Waskow, director of the World Resources Institute's Climate Change

Initiative.

The Environmental Defense Fund said Brazil had asked to insert language in

the text muddying the date at which the rule book would compel countries to

stop double counting emissions savings.

If Brazil's language is allowed to stay, it will embed the double counting

of emissions reductions in the Paris Agreement undermine the ability of

carbon markets to drive emissions down, said EDF's Alex Hanafi.

Chile on Friday announced it would hold next year's UN climate summit,

after Brazil pulled out last month citing the cost of holding the twoweek

talks.

'We will die'

One potential breakthrough came in the form of tentative consensus over how

to treat the latest UN scientific report.

Most nations wanted the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate

Change (IPCC) � which highlighted the need for greenhouse gas emissions to

be slashed to nearly half by 2030 in order to hit the 1.5C target � to form

a key part of future planning.

But the US, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Kuwait objected, leading to watered

down language in the draft decision.

As well as the IPCC issue, nations are also under pressure to up their

ambition in their contributions to the climate fight ahead of a 2020

stocktake.

If we don't do that, we will not survive, said former Maldives president

Mohamed Nasheed. We would die. I'm sure it wouldn't be an appropriate

outcome for anyone.

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS)