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Misuse of antibiotics cause harmful impact on human health: experts

The overuse and misuse of antibiotics are key factors contributing to antibiotic resistance, which eventually is causing harmful impact on human health, health experts today said.

Without doctor's prescription, no one should take antibiotics as its rampant use may increase chances of many diseases in human body, they told the meet the press on "Improve awareness and understanding on antibiotic resistance" here.

Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB) organized the Meet the Press in the conference room of the organization as part of programmes for observing Antibiotic Awareness Week.

Executive Director of CIPRB Prof AKM Fazlur Rahman, Head of Department of Microbiology of Uttara Adhunik Medical College and Hospital Prof Dr Fahmida Begum, head of Department of Orthopedics of Uttara Adhunik Medical College and Hospital Prof Dr Shakeel Akhtar, among others, addressed the programme with head, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, BIRDEM Prof Dr Afsana Karim in the chair.

Prof Dr Abu Syed Md. Mosaddek, head, Department of Pharmacology, Uttara Adhunik Medical College and Hospital, made the keynote presentation at the meeting highlighting different aspects of antibiotics use.

Dr Fahmida said antimicrobial resistance happens when microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites change when they are exposed to antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics).

"Microorganisms that develop antimicrobial resistance are sometimes referred to as "superbugs". As a result, the medicines become ineffective and infections persist in the body, increasing the risk of spread to others," she added.

Dr. Afsana said, "Antimicrobial resistance poses a fundamental threat to human health, development, and security. Common and life-threatening infections like pneumonia, gonorrhoea, and post-operative infections, as well as HIV, tuberculosis and malaria are increasingly becoming untreatable because of AMR."

New resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally, threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases, resulting in prolonged illness, disability, and death, she added.

In his presentation, Dr Mosaddek said the high levels of AMR already seen in the world today are the result of overuse and misuse of antibiotics and other antimicrobials in humans, animals (including farmed fish) and crops, as well as the spread of residues of these medicines in soil, crops and water.

Within the broader context of AMR, resistance to antibiotics is considered the greatest and most urgent global risk requiring international and national attention, he added.

Other speakers said antimicrobial resistant-microbes are found in people, animals, food, and the environment. Poor infection control, inadequate sanitary conditions and inappropriate food-handling encourage the spread of antimicrobial resistance, they added.

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS)