Kumaratunga describes terrorism main challenge of S Asia

DHAKA, May 23, 2017 (BSS) - Visiting former President of Sri Lanka

Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga today described terrorism as one of the main challenge in South Asia.

"Terrorism has become most unnatural dehumanizing and politically

disestablishing phenomenon of our times. For these reasons, at present many countries face major challenges from terrorist organisations," she said.

Chandrika Bandaranaike was delivering a lecture on "Reconciling Divided Societies, Building Democracy and Good Governance: Lessons from Sri Lanka" at Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS).

She, also the daughter of world first female prime minister Sirimavo

Bandaranaike, added: "I came from the country (Sri Lanka) which has suffered the effects of terrorism for nearly three decades. You (Bangladesh) have experienced it recently."

Bandaranaike said the western world have been facing the threat of

terrorism massively as terror attacks in Manchester, France and US and other cities and countries claimed dozens of lives.

She said revolutionary movements defers somewhat from terrorism.

"Revolution seeks effect radical change in social and economic system in the country and it enunciates a new vision and programme but terrorist movements are neither radical nor revulsion.

"Terrorists are destructive and refer to conservatism and revenge. It has become endemic to the modern society," she said, adding terrorism continues to be generated by current social crisis rising from the increasing marginalization of some sections of the society caused by the indiscriminate spread of so called free market economy and much wanted process of globalization.

The Lankan ex-president said the modern phenomenon of terrorist movement is born over disappear power frustration and it is caused by social marginalization and economic deprivation and political defeat.

She described the main cause of violent conflicts is the existence of inequality among different groups and communities living in a country. Inequality, deprivation and discrimination should be looked at not only in economic terms but also should be measured in social, cultural and political terms.

Bandaranaike said South Asia is one of the two most conflicting regions in the world today.

"To end this, we need to understand root causes of conflict. We need to believe democratic governance, practicing respect for human rights, the rule of law, honest and transparent governance, we also need to engage short and long terms programmes to reconcile our divided societies," she added.

Chandrika Kumaratunga described the challenge of 21st century for many countries especially for South Asia would remain enterprise of the building pluralist, multiethnic and multicultural nations states.

"For this we will certainly have to manage the existing diversity within our nations and to direct the diversity towards positive changes to control and eliminate conflict generated by the diversity," she said.

She explained recognizing and celebrating diversity has proved to be best recipe to reconcile the divided society and resolve conflicts.

"What is required is to accept and celebrate the diversities. The failure to have achieved this during the post of the 20th century resulted in conflicts and most horrifying violence," she added.

BIISS Director General Major General AKM Abdur Rahman delivered the welcome address on the occasion with BIISS Board of Governors Chairman Ambassador Munshi Faiz Ahmad in the chair.

Bandaranaike said Bangladesh has made impressive progress in economic sector in the recent years. She also praised the hospitality of the country.

Distinguished guests including Prime Minister's International Affairs Adviser Dr Gowher Rizvi, Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS) Managing Director and Chief Editor Abul Kalam Azad and economist Professor Rehman Sobhan, among others, witnessed the ceremony.

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS)