The oldest Austrian Holocaust survivor,
who lived through four concentration camps, has died at the age of 106,
Vienna's Jewish Community organisation (IKG) said Friday.
Marko Feingold, who survived Auschwitz, in Nazi occupied Poland and three
German concentration camps, died in the city of Salzburg on Thursday after a
lung infection, Austrian news agency APA reported.
Despite his advanced age, Feingold had remained active in speaking out
against the Holocaust, taking part in numerous conferences and events for
I must have spoken to around half a million people all in all, he told
AFP in a 2018 interview, adding he swore to himself in Auschwitz that he
would tell his story.
Born on May 28, 1913, in the Austro Hungarian empire in what is now
Slovakia, Feingold was arrested in Prague and deported to Auschwitz in 1940.
They said I had three months to live. And in fact after two and a half
months I was about to succumb to exhaustion when I managed to get transferred
to the Neuengamme camp, he told AFP.
From there, Feingold � or inmate 11,996 � was taken to Dachau and then on
to Buchenwald, where he survived as a construction worker.
Having lost his father and siblings in the camps, he was freed from
Buchenwald when it was liberated by American forces in May 1945.
But he could not go back to Vienna as his group of survivors was prevented
from travelling through the Soviet occupation zone which surrounded the city.
A Russian soldier told us that they had orders not to let us pass. The new
(social democratic) chancellor Karl Renner had said: 'We won't take back the
Jews', Feingold said.
Feingold then decided to go to Salzburg near the German border, which was
in the American occupation zone. There he founded a network which helped
100,000 Jews to emigrate to Britain administered Palestine.
He himself refused to leave Austria despite the difficulties in the face of
the country's deep rooted anti Semitism.
After the war Austria took refuge in an official narrative which portrayed
the country as a victim of the Third Reich and avoided the process of
debating complicity in Nazi crimes, as happened in Germany, until well into
It was impossible to find a job. Someone coming back from the camps had to
be a criminal. So I had to strike out on my own, he said.
He started a clothes shop in Salzburg, which quickly became successful.
Feingold says once attitudes changed, he was literally covered in
honours, including being received last year by then chancellor Sebastian
Kurz and his then deputy Heinz Christian Strache from the far right.
Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS)