Medical &Health

Poverty rises to 15-year-high in virus-stricken Italy

Poverty rates in Italy, whose economy has been battered by the coronavirus pandemic, rose last year to the highest level since records begun in 2005, official data showed Thursday.

The ranks of people in absolute poverty swelled by more than one million in 2020, to 5.6 million, out of a total population of around 60 million.

The number of households viewed as poor — where they cannot afford basic living necessities, including food — rose from 1.7 to 2 million, Italian statistics office Istat said.

In percentage terms, 9.4 per cent of individuals and 7.7 per cent of households were classed as poor — the highest level since the data series began.

In 2005, only three to four percent of Italian households and individuals were in absolute poverty, Istat said.

The rate jumped after 2011, when Italy suffered a major debt crisis, and has remained relatively high since then.

Istat also said that average monthly household spending fell in 2020 to 2,328 euros ($2,800), down by 9.1 per cent compared with 2019, to the lowest value since 2000.

Last year, Italy was the first country in Europe to be overwhelmed by the coronavirus pandemic.

To date, Covid-19 has killed almost 100,000 people there and caused the worst recession since World War II.

Over the course of 2020, gross domestic product (GDP) was down by nearly nine per cent and nearly 450,000 people — mostly women, younger workers and the self-employed — lost their jobs.

Source: Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS)